Hair Grafts – Follicular/Micrografts:
This method allows for the most natural looking assimulation of hair growth upon completion and recovery from the transplant surgery. Advancements in the practice and technique has allowed for this procedure to minic the pattern of normally occurring folicle growth. Hair folicles grow in groups consisting of one or four units. This method particular transplant methond prevents the effect of sharply contrasting areas of bare scalp against area of the head that are thickly coved with hair.
The first step in the process of follicular unit extraction requires that a donor strip of the original hair producing skin surface. This strip has about a millimeter of hair projecting from the innital surface and also contains microscopic and essential blood vessels, and the hair follicle itself. Tissue of the follicular units are dissected with the aide and assistance of a microscope and are sorted into units that will eventually be transplanted in natural pattern consisiting of one to four units, where upon implantation and recovery, they will grow in a natural and flattering pattern.
The next step in the process requires that the physicain make small incisions in the scalp to generate a long lasting result. There are several components to this particular process that will affect the overall appearance of the hair loss treatment. First of all the physician must regenerate a natural hair line which is flattering to the facial structer of the client. Larger grafts or units are used in the areas to the back of the scalp where the hair is naturally at its bulkiness. Smaller, or single units are needed in the front of the head, or hair line area of the scalp, to create a more supple result. Second, the direction by which the hair will eventually grow depends upon the angle of insertion.
The following are varried methods for grafting which are used in combination with one another to generate homogenous and natural looking results:
This is a process by which follicular hair graft units are spilt into smaller groups of a single or couple hairs. This intended use for this method is ot allow for softer construction of replacement follicles. This is used most often in the creation of the hair line and around areas where larger or more dense grafts are placed.
2. Puch Grafts.
This method for grafting was used during the 1980’s, but due to the advancesments in this area of medical science, their use has dwendled. Generally puch grafts are circular sections of donor hair inserted into the bald areas of the scalp. This method is one of the more popularly recognized method of transplantation. This method is still in use today, but is used along side other more advanced and modern methods. For the best effects and appearance, the client has to wait for the hair to fully grow out from the transplant, or incision site.
3. Slit Grafts.
These are grafts that contain up to 10 follicles, and are specifically needed in areas of the scalp with hair naturally grows moderately thick. They are usually inserted from the middle to the back of the head. These grafts are also used toward the center of the head or in the crown area.
4. Strip Grafts.
These are the largest of all the types of grafts. Strip grafts contain between 30 and 40 follicles and are placed in conjunction with slit grafts to create a natural, thick, and full head of hair. The strips are usually long and thin.